Massive persistent release of excitatory amino acids following human occlusive stroke

R. Bullock, A. Zauner, J. Woodward, H. F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Scopus citations


Background: Animal stroke models demonstrate excitatory amino acid (EAA) release in ischemic tissue, as measured by microdialysis. Currently glutamate antagonist drugs are being developed to protect brain tissue after ischemic events. However, the role of EAAs in human occlusive stroke is not well known. We therefore measured glutamate and aspartate release in a patients after occlusive stroke. Case Description: We describe a case of occlusive stroke in a 50-year-old man. A partial temporal lobectomy was done to remove infarcted tissue and to prevent brain stem compression as well as uncal herniation. A microdialysis probe was placed into the cortex to measure EAAs. Massively increased levels of glutamate and aspartate were detected in the extracellular fluid in this patient (>300 times normal levels 6 days after infarction). Conclusions: These findings indicate that EAAs are tremendously increased in brain tissue after occlusive stroke. The time course of the release of EAAs is much longer than animal studies have suggested previously. Administration of EAA antagonists to patients with ischemic stroke may therefore be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2187-2189
Number of pages3
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1995


  • cerebral ischemia
  • excitatory amino acids
  • neuroprotection
  • occlusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)


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