Massive endobronchial hemorrhage due to balloon-tipped catheter rupture of a branch of the pulmonary artery in a fully heparinized patient undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass is potentially lethal. Death occurs due to asphyxiation. Endobronchial intubation (double-lumen endotracheal tube) appears to be a simple and effective method for control of the airway and tamponade of the bleeding site, which allows for completion of the surgical procedure until protamine sulphate reversal can be achieved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine