Massage therapy of moderate and light pressure and vibrator effects on EEG and heart rate

Miguel A. Diego, Tiffany Field, Chris Sanders, Maria Hernandez-Reif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three types of commonly used massage therapy techniques were assessed in a sample of 36 healthy adults, randomly assigned to: (1) moderate massage, (2) light massage, or (3) vibratory stimulation group (n = 12 per group). Changes in anxiety and stress were assessed, and EEG and EKG were recorded. Anxiety scores decreased for all groups, but the moderate pressure massage group reported the greatest decrease in stress. The moderate massage group also experienced a decrease in heart rate and EEG changes including an increase in delta and a decrease in alpha and beta activity, suggesting a relaxation response. Finally, this group showed increased positive affect, as indicated by a shift toward left frontal EEG activation. The light massage group showed increased arousal, as indicated by decreased delta and increased deta activity and increased heart rate. The vibratory stimulation group also showed increased arousal, as indicated by increased heart rate and increased theta, alpha, and beta activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-44
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Volume114
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • EEG
  • EKG
  • Massage
  • Stimulation
  • Touch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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