Massage effects on cocaine-exposed preterm neonates.

A. Wheeden, F. A. Scafidi, Tiffany M Field, Gail Ironson, C. Valdeon, Emmalee S Bandstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thirty preterm cocaine-exposed preterm neonates (mean gestational age 30 wks, mean birth weight = 1212 g, mean intensive care unit duration = 18 days) were randomly assigned to a massage therapy or a control group as soon as they were considered medically stable. Group assignment was based on a random stratification of gestational age, birth weight, intensive care unit duration, and entry weight into the study. The treatment group (N = 15) received massages for three 15-minute periods 3 consecutive hours for a 10-day period. Findings suggested that the massaged infants (1) averaged 28% greater weight gain per day (33 vs 26 g) although the groups did not differ in intake (calories or volume), (2) showed significantly fewer postnatal complications and stress behaviors than did control infants, and (3) demonstrated more mature motor behaviors on the Brazelton examination at the end of the 10-day study period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-322
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP
Volume14
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 1993

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Massage
Cocaine
Birth Weight
Gestational Age
Intensive Care Units
Newborn Infant
Behavior Control
Weight Gain
Weights and Measures
Control Groups
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Massage effects on cocaine-exposed preterm neonates. / Wheeden, A.; Scafidi, F. A.; Field, Tiffany M; Ironson, Gail; Valdeon, C.; Bandstra, Emmalee S.

In: Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP, Vol. 14, No. 5, 01.10.1993, p. 318-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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