Masonry walls reinforced with FRP bars subjected to out-of-plane loading

Gustavo Tumialan, Nancy Torres, Alfonso Quintana, Antonio Nanni

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article


This article presents the results of a research program on the behavior of masonry walls reinforced with FRP bars subjected to out-of-plane loads. The article also proposes a preliminary protocol for the flexural design of masonry walls reinforced with FRP bars. The objectives of this investigation were: (1) evaluate the flexural behavior of masonry walls reinforced with FRP bars subjected to out-of-plane loads, and (2) develop preliminary design recommendations. Ten masonry walls, 2 m [6.6 ft] high, were subjected to out-of-plane loads, tested under quasi-static loading cycles. The test specimens included walls constructed using concrete and clay masonry units, reinforced with Glass FRP (GFRP) and Carbon FRP (CFRP) bars in different configurations. A l l the FRP-reinforced masonry walls showed a bilinear moment-deflection curve with one steep slope up to cracking of masonry and a decrease in stiffness after cracking. The majority of the walls failed due to crushing of masonry in the compression side. After failure occurred and as the out-of-plane load was progressively removed, the walls returned to a position close to the initial vertical position. In general, the approaches used to calculate flexural strengths and deflections provided good agreement with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-374
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
Issue numberSP 327
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes
Event13th International Symposium on Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Concrete Structures 2017, FRPRCS 2017 - Anaheim, United States
Duration: Oct 15 2017Oct 19 2017


  • Deflections
  • Flexural behavior
  • Flexural strength
  • FRP bars
  • Masonry wall design
  • New construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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