Marine predator-prey contests: Ambush and speed versus vigilance and agility

R. Aidan Martin, Neil Hammerschlag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differences in relative strengths and weaknesses between predators and prey under tactical contexts result in complex and dynamic contests between them. These contests are often brief and difficult to observe in marine systems. Here, we employ basic principles of underwater optics and physics to provide a conceptual understanding of mechanisms underlying predator-prey interactions between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) that have been previously described at Seal Island in False Bay, South Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-94
Number of pages5
JournalMarine Biology Research
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Optimal foraging
  • predation
  • predator-prey interactions
  • seal
  • shark

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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