Photoinduced electron transfer across an organic capsular wall between excited donors and ground-state acceptors is established to occur with rate constants varying in the range 0.32-4.0 × 1011 s-1 in aqueous buffer solution. The donor is encapsulated within an anionic supramolecular capsular host, and the cationic acceptor remains closer to the donor separated by the organic frame through Coulombic attraction. Such an arrangement results in electron transfer proceeding without diffusion. Free energy of the reaction (G°) and the rate of electron transfer show Marcus relation with inversion. From the plot, λ and Vel were estimated to be 1.918 and 0.0058 eV, respectively. Given that the donor remains within the nonpolar solvent-free confined space, and there is not much change in the environment around the acceptor, the observed λ is believed to be because of "internal"reorganization rather than "solvent"reorganization. A similarity exists between the capsular assembly investigated here and glass and crystals at low temperature where the medium is rigid. The estimated electronic coupling (Vel) implies the existence of interaction between the donor and the acceptor through the capsular wall. Existence of such an interaction is also suggested by 1H NMR spectra. Results of this study suggest that molecules present within a confined space could be activated from outside. This provides an opportunity to probe the reactivity and dynamics of radical ions within an organic capsule.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry