Fifty cosmids have been mapped to metaphase chromosomes by fluorescence in situ hybridization under conditions that suppress signals from repetitive DNA sequences. The cosmid clones were isolated from a flow-sorted human X chromosome library. Thirty-eight of the clones were localized to chromosome X and 12 to autosomes such as chromosomes 3, 7, 8, 14, and 17. Although most of the cosmids mapped to the X chromosome appeared to be scattered along both the short and long arms, 10 cosmids were localized to the centromeric region of the chromosome. Southern blot analysis revealed that only two of these clones hybridized to probe pXBR-1, which detects the DXZ1 locus. In addition, 4 out of 5 cosmids mapped on chromosome 8 also localized on the centromeric region. While localization of X-specific cosmids will facilitate the physical mapping of the human X chromosome, cosmids mapped to the centromeric regions of chromosomes X and 8 should be especially useful for studying the structure and organization of these regions.
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