Manual muscle test score and force comparisons after cervical spinal cord injury

Belinda M. Needham-Shropshire, K. John Klose, Mary E. Tucker, Christine K Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Manual muscle test scores (MMTS) and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) force measurements were made from triceps brachii muscles of 70 individuals with chronic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). Both MMTS and strength assessments showed that asymmetrical motor deficits were common. Muscles with MMTS of 3 generated an average of nine percent MVC force produced by control muscles. In this SCI population, little residual voluntary force is apparently needed for triceps brachii to work against gravity. Only 24 percent of muscles tested had this strength, however, indicating the need to develop strategies to alleviate this muscle weakness. MMTS and force were related positively but each MMTS was not associated with a unique force range. MVC force generating capacity is therefore only one factor that determines whether or not a muscle can work with or against gravity and against resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-330
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Volume20
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Fingerprint

Spinal Cord Injuries
Muscles
Gravitation
Cervical Cord
Muscle Weakness

Keywords

  • Functional capability
  • Maximum voluntary contraction
  • Muscle strength
  • Muscle weakness
  • Triceps brachii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Needham-Shropshire, B. M., John Klose, K., Tucker, M. E., & Thomas, C. K. (1997). Manual muscle test score and force comparisons after cervical spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 20(3), 324-330.

Manual muscle test score and force comparisons after cervical spinal cord injury. / Needham-Shropshire, Belinda M.; John Klose, K.; Tucker, Mary E.; Thomas, Christine K.

In: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.12.1997, p. 324-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Needham-Shropshire, BM, John Klose, K, Tucker, ME & Thomas, CK 1997, 'Manual muscle test score and force comparisons after cervical spinal cord injury', Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 324-330.
Needham-Shropshire BM, John Klose K, Tucker ME, Thomas CK. Manual muscle test score and force comparisons after cervical spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 1997 Dec 1;20(3):324-330.
Needham-Shropshire, Belinda M. ; John Klose, K. ; Tucker, Mary E. ; Thomas, Christine K. / Manual muscle test score and force comparisons after cervical spinal cord injury. In: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. 1997 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 324-330.
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