Management outcomes of facial nerve tumors: Comparative outcomes with observation, cyberknife, and surgical management

Guyan A. Channer, Bjorn Herman, Fred F. Telischi, Daniel Zeitler, Simon I. Angeli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Primary facial nerve tumors (FNTs) present in varying ways. In this study, the authors present their institutional experience with the management of facial nerve tumors, including their recommendations for available therapies such as observation, microsurgical decompression or removal, and stereotactic radiation. They emphasize the auditory and facial nerve function outcomes. Study Design. Retrospective case review. Setting. Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods. Retrospective review of all cases of FNT seen at the authors' tertiary care academic medical center over a 10-year period (2002-2011). The clinical presentation, treatment modality, and outcome parameters of cochlear and facial nerve function were assessed. Results. Twelve patients were identified. House-Brackmann grades on presentation were 4 grade I, 2 grade II, 2 grade III, 1 grade IV, and 3 grade V, with 2 grade V patients declining to grade VI shortly after presentation. Seven patients presented with serviceable hearing and 4 with nonserviceable hearing. Treatment options/arms included observation with serial clinicoradiological review (2 cases), stereotactic radiation with the CyberKnife (3 cases), wide fallopian canal decompression (3 cases), microsurgical excision and repair (3 cases), and biopsy followed by observation (1 case). At the end of the review period, facial nerve function was stable in 8 patients, improved in 3, and declined in 1, and none had documented worsening of hearing based on American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation classification. Conclusions. Management of FNT is largely based on the clinicoradiological picture. Each treatment arm is different, but overall auditory and facial function can be maintained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume147
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • CyberKnife
  • decompression
  • facial nerve
  • fallopian canal
  • neuroma
  • radiation
  • schwannoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

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