UPJ obstruction in horseshoe or ectopic kidneys presents a challenge to the treating urologist. As long as the anatomic possibilities are kept in mind, and the necessary modifications are made to standard techniques, these patients can be treated safely and effectively. These patients should not be denied minimally invasive procedures simply because of their anomaly. The application of these techniques affords these patients the same benefits that they have been proved irrefutably to afford others.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine