Management of the extremity with combined neurovascular and musculoskeletal trauma

G. Fried, T. Salerno, D. Burke, H. C. Brown, D. S. Mulder

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Abstract

Twenty-five civilians with combined neurovascular and musculo-skeletal trauma to extremities extremides were studied retrospectively. The mechanism of injury was crushing in 16, avulsion in siz, and penetrating in three. Autogenous saphenous vein was used to restore arterial circulation in the majority. Nine patients had concurrent repair of venous injuries. Fractures were immobilized by a variety of techniques, the Hoffman external skeletal fixation being preferred. Immediate fasciotomy was performed in 5 patients and delayed fasciotomy in 4. All patients had soft-tissue debridement and initial wound closure with split-skin grafts as biologic dressings. Three immediate amputations were the results of irreversible neurovascular and soft-tissue trauma. Sepsis played a role in three late amputations; delayed primary treatment, irreversible neurologic injuries and extensive soft-tissue damage contributed. A carefully individualized multidisciplinary approach resulted in salvage of 20 of 27 severely injured extremities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)481-486
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1978

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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