Management of retinal detachment associated with CMV retinitis in AIDS patients

E. L. Chuang, J. L. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In patients with AIDS, the most important ocular opportunistic infection, CMV retinitis, can now be treated effectively with virostatic agents. Associated retinal detachment is encountered frequently, and its management has become increasingly significant to quality of life as improvements in medical care have helped to preserve vision and extend life expectancy. Although retinal detachment in these eyes is typically rhegmatogenous, the pathophysiology is distinctive due to the association with CMV retinitis which, even in remission, is characterised by atrophic changes at all levels of affected retina and alterations of the vitreous. Despite initially successful surgical reattachment, multiple, small, often posterior holes may develop because of progressive CMV infection. For these reasons, vitrectomy and silicone oil injection with scleral buckling may currently provide the best overall means of maintaining retinal reattachment and restoring visual function. Nevertheless, management must be individualised in each case, with the realisation that progressive visual loss frequently ensues from retinitis progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalEye (Basingstoke)
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Acquired immune deficiency
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Foscarnet
  • Ganciclovir
  • Opportunistic inf ection
  • Retinal detachment
  • Retinitis
  • Scleral buckling
  • Silicone oil
  • Vitrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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