'Massive' GI bleeding is now defined as a hemorrhagic emergency leading to hypovolemic shock. Beyond the imperatives of vigorous emergency measures lie the challenges of etiologic diagnosis, location of bleeding source, and management of complications - all discussed in detail in this first of two articles. Treatment for bleeding lesions will be the subject of a later article.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|
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