Identification and management of dyslipidemia is an important element in the multi-factorial approach to prevent coronary heart disease. Diabetic dyslipidemia typically consists of elevated triglyceride, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, predominance of small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles, and average LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). Lipid-lowering therapy has a beneficial effect on cardiovascular outcomes. Statin treatment is beneficial in patients who are older than 40 years of age, irrespective of the LDL-C value. To achieve lipid targets, attention should be directed first toward nonpharmacologic therapeutic interventions, such as diet, exercise, smoking cessation, weight loss, and improving glycemic control. Although statin therapy is recommended for most subjects, judicious use of combination therapy should be considered in the highest risk subjects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||25|
|Journal||Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America|
|State||Published - Mar 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism