OBJECTIVE: This report provides the reader with a state-of-the-art update on a number of common voice problems that require phonosurgical intervention. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This multiauthor review is not a position statement of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAOHNS) and may reflect institutional preference and/or bias. It arose from a panel discussion at the AAOHNS meeting in 2000. RESULTS: We provide a review of the genesis and management of papillomatosis, dysplastic glottal epithelium, arytenoid granulomas, Reinke's edema, and vocal-fold paralysis. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: In the past decade, there has been a dramatic expansion of knowledge regarding a variety of voice disorders and associated treatment. There has been a convergence of basic science investigations in anatomy, physiology, and pathology with clinical trials of treatment, both surgical and nonsurgical. This information should provide the reader with current insight into critical management issues of the aforementioned disorders.
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