Management of advanced breast cancer in Africa

Strategies in the absence of hormone receptor assay data

L. C. Chiedozi, Marc E Lippman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oncologist in Africa and many other third world countries is hampered in the management of breast cancer by the absence of hormone receptor assays in most teaching hospitals. The little information that is available in the literature on hormone receptors in black, breast cancer patients as well as other available hormone receptor information can serve as a data base for the development of a rational approach to this management dilemma. Using the available information, an approach, in the form of a flow chart, has been developed for the management of breast cancer in Africa. It is further suggested that breast cancer should be managed using protocols designed to answer various questions about breast cancer in Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Surgery
Volume70
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Hormones
Breast Neoplasms
Teaching Hospitals
Developing Countries
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Management of advanced breast cancer in Africa : Strategies in the absence of hormone receptor assay data. / Chiedozi, L. C.; Lippman, Marc E.

In: International Surgery, Vol. 70, No. 1, 01.01.1985, p. 57-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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