Magnetically-doped polydimethylsiloxane for artificial muscle applications

Erik Ventura, Cagri Oztan, Diego Palacios, Irene Isabel Vargas, Emrah Celik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Artificial muscle actuators demonstrate great potential for improving the quality of life. Recently, polymer muscle actuators have attracted attention due to their inexpensive and highly versatile methods of fabrication along with decent mechanical properties that can mimic those of natural muscles. The aim of this research is to investigate the usability of a magnetite-doped polymer powder, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), for artificial muscle actuators through an inexpensive method of production. PDMS samples doped with different levels of magnetite were fabricated using molds that were produced by additive manufacturing. Subsequently, the samples were magnetically and mechanically characterized by investigation of strength, elastic modulus, failure strain and permittivity, which are vital to meet the load capacity. The test results demonstrated that the mechanical and magnetic properties could be tailored as a function of doping level. Matching the mechanical response of these artificial components to those of artificial muscles will reduce the residual stresses, enhance the artificial muscle life and allow wider use of these materials for biomedical applications. This research rendered fabrication of molds possible for various applications where geometric customization of the actuator is required to meet endure severe loads, thanks to the freeform nature of additive manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1950089
JournalFunctional Materials Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • PDMS
  • artificial implants
  • biomaterial
  • magnetic doping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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