Magnetic resonance imaging correlates of neuropsychological impairment in multiple sclerosis

S. J. Huber, R. A. Bornstein, K. W. Rammohan, J. A. Christy, D. W. Chakeres, R. B. McGhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The authors examined whether specific neuropsychological abnormalities in multiple sclerosis (MS) are associated with focal lesion areas detected by MRI. Lesion area, regardless of distribution, correlated with performance on the vast majority of neuropsychological procedures. No significant difference appeared between groups with normal/mild and moderate overall cognitive impairment on any of the MRI measures. However, patients with severe cognitive impairment had greater lesion area, regardless of location, and had significant atrophy of the corpus callosum compared with the other two groups. These results suggest that severe atrophy of the corpus callosum reflects global disease and provides a relatively focal morphological marker of severe cognitive impairment in MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-158
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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