Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a noninvasive, rapidly evolving technique for imaging the intra- and extracranial carotid and vertebrobasilar circulations. It may in some circumstances obviate conventional angiography and the accompanying risks associated with catheterization and contrast injection. MRA exploits the different physical properties between moving protons and stationary tissue to yield flow sensitive data in the form of anatomic images or velocity and flow measurements. Since patients with various vascular disorders may present exclusively with ophthalmologic signs and symptoms, it is expected that MRA will become more frequently utilized by ophthalmologists. The exact role of MRA in the workup of vascular disorders remains to be more precisely defined, pending the performance of additional well-controlled standardized studies. At present, MRA is utilized to complement the conventional spin-echo studies of patients with arterial and venous occlusion, vascular malformations, intracranial aneurysms, and neoplastic vascular invasion. With further refinements, it is expected that MRA will become a standard diagnostic tool for the evaluation of patients with vascular disorders.
- bloodflow measurements
- cerebral angiography
- magnetic resonance angiography
- magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas