Surgical management of uveitic macular complications utilizes standard vitreoretinal surgical techniques. Medical management of uveitic macular complications utilizes intraocular corticosteroids and anti-angiogenic factors in common use for other diseases. Either medical or surgical management of posterior segment complications requires control of uveitis. Systemic corticosteroids or immunosuppression without surgery can be effective treatment for macular complications. Imaging with OCT provides more useful information than fluorescein angiography in assessing uveitic macular disease. Factors predictive of surgical success in macular edema are unknown, but probably relate to anatomic features such as status of posterior hyaloid, configuration of epiretinal membranes, and vitreomacular traction.
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