Macular hole surgery without using adjunctive additives

William E. Smiddy, Sergio Pimentel, George A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of performing surgical techniques for macular holes without using adjunctive additives. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was completed of consecutive eyes treated for macular holes of 1 year or less duration that had not had previous vitreous surgery. The best-corrected visual acuity and hole flattening were determined. RESULTS: Postoperative flattening of the hole was achieved in 39 (91%) of 43 eyes, with at least a 50% reduction of the minimum resolvable visual angle (3-line visual increase) in 65% of the eyes and a final vision of 20/40 or better in 40% of the eyes during the follow-up interval (mean 10.6 months). CONCLUSIONS: The success rate of current macular hole surgical techniques suggests that adjunctive additives may not be necessary for most cases. Thus, new treatment modalities need to be evaluated with carefully controlled studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-717
Number of pages5
JournalOphthalmic Surgery and Lasers
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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