PURPOSE: To report the development of a macular hole as a complication of cat scratch disease. DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A 10-year-old girl was seen with unilateral neuroretinitis from serologically confirmed cat scratch disease. Twelve days later, she developed a macular hole in the involved eye. Fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were obtained at presentation and after the development of a macular hole. RESULTS: Fundus photography and OCT on presentation revealed a nasal neurosensory detachment and multiple inflammatory foci throughout the macula, including a subfoveal lesion. Fundus photography and OCT 12 days later revealed the development of a partial posterior vitreous detachment and a full thickness macular hole. CONCLUSIONS: Macular hole should be included among posterior segment complications of cat scratch disease. In this case, the macular hole was associated with partial vitreous detachment and a preexisting subfoveal lesion, likely representing an inflammatory focus.
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