Lung contusion

Pathophysiology and management

Yoram Klein, Stephen M. Cohn, Kenneth G Proctor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Management of severe pulmonary contusion is a challenge for clinicians. The incidence of adult respiratory distress syndrome (5-20%), pneumonia (5-50%), and mortality (5-10%) associated with traumatic lung injury has changed little in the past three decades. Therapeutic options are limited to basic supportive measures such as mechanical ventilation, positive end expiratory pressure, invasive cardiopulmonary monitoring, analgesics and aggressive pulmonary hygiene. Presently, no pharmacological agents can prevent the progressive respiratory embarrassment that is associated with the natural history of the disease, but several drugs have been tested in the laboratory. The purpose of this brief review is to summarize information published since January 2000 related to the clinical management and pathophysiology of lung contusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-68
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 2002

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Contusions
Lung
Positive-Pressure Respiration
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Lung Injury
Hygiene
Artificial Respiration
Analgesics
Pneumonia
Pharmacology
Mortality
Incidence
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Lung contusion : Pathophysiology and management. / Klein, Yoram; Cohn, Stephen M.; Proctor, Kenneth G.

In: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, Vol. 15, No. 1, 18.02.2002, p. 65-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klein, Yoram ; Cohn, Stephen M. ; Proctor, Kenneth G. / Lung contusion : Pathophysiology and management. In: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology. 2002 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 65-68.
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