Low Oxygen Modulates Multiple Signaling Pathways, Increasing Self-Renewal, while Decreasing Differentiation, Senescence, and Apoptosis in Stromal MIAMI Cells

Carmen Rios, Gianluca D'Ippolito, Kevin M. Curtis, Gaetan Jean-Robert Delcroix, Lourdes A. Gomez, Jimmy El Hokayem, Megan Rieger, Ricardo Parrondo, Alicia De Las Pozas, Carlos Perez-Stable, Guy A. Howard, Paul C. Schiller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human bone marrow multipotent mesenchymal stromal cell (hMSC) number decreases with aging. Subpopulations of hMSCs can differentiate into cells found in bone, vasculature, cartilage, gut, and other tissues and participate in their repair. Maintaining throughout adult life such cell subpopulations should help prevent or delay the onset of age-related degenerative conditions. Low oxygen tension, the physiological environment in progenitor cell-rich regions of the bone marrow microarchitecture, stimulates the self-renewal of marrow-isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells and expression of Sox2, Nanog, Oct4a nuclear accumulation, Notch intracellular domain, notch target genes, neuronal transcriptional repressor element 1 (RE1)-silencing transcription factor (REST), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), and additionally, by decreasing the expression of (i) the proapoptotic proteins, apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and Bak, and (ii) senescence-associated p53 expression and β-galactosidase activity. Furthermore, low oxygen increases canonical Wnt pathway signaling coreceptor Lrp5 expression, and PI3K/Akt pathway activation. Lrp5 inhibition decreases self-renewal marker Sox2 mRNA, Oct4a nuclear accumulation, and cell numbers. Wortmannin-mediated PI3K/Akt pathway inhibition leads to increased osteoblastic differentiation at both low and high oxygen tension. We demonstrate that low oxygen stimulates a complex signaling network involving PI3K/Akt, Notch, and canonical Wnt pathways, which mediate the observed increase in nuclear Oct4a and REST, with simultaneous decrease in p53, AIF, and Bak. Collectively, these pathway activations contribute to increased self-renewal with concomitant decreased differentiation, cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and/or senescence in MIAMI cells. Importantly, the PI3K/Akt pathway plays a central mechanistic role in the oxygen tension-regulated self-renewal versus osteoblastic differentiation of progenitor cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)848-860
Number of pages13
JournalStem Cells and Development
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Hematology

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