Low insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 expression is responsible for increased insulin receptor substrate-1 phosphorylation in mesangial cells from mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis

Alessia Fornoni, Steven A. Rosenzweig, Oliver Lenz, Ana Rivera, Gary E. Striker, Sharon Elliot

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Abstract

Mesangial cells (MC) isolated from glomerulosclerosis-prone ragged, olygosyndactilism, pintail (ROP) mice retain a stable phenotype after exposure to elevated glucose concentrations, whereas MC from glomerulosclerosis-resistant C57BL/6 (C) mice do not. In NOD and db/db mice, the stable phenotype induced by diabetes consists of autocrine activation of the IGF-I signaling pathway. We hypothesized that high ambient glucose activates the IGF-I pathway in ROP but not in C MC. MC were propagated in either 6 or 25 mM glucose. Isolated murine glomeruli were used to confirm in vitro experiments. 25 mM glucose induced increased insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 phosphorylation in ROP but not C MC. However, IGF-I, IGF-I receptor, and IRS-1 protein levels were induced by exposure to 25 mM glucose in both cell lines. This occurred without a change in IGF-I binding sites, suggesting a role for IGF binding protein (IGFBP). ROP MC and glomeruli expressed less IGFBP-2 than C MC and glomeruli. Addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 partially blunted the effect of 25 mM glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation in ROP MC. Renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy also showed markedly decreased IGFBP-2 expression when compared with patients without nephropathy. In summary, glucose induces IRS-1 phosphorylation in MC isolated from ROP mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis. IGFBP-2 expression was low in ROP MC and glomeruli from patients with diabetic nephropathy, suggesting that this may represent a new marker of susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. Finally, addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 in ROP MC partially blunted the effect of high glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation and might have a protective role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3547-3554
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume147
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 2006

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2
Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
Mesangial Cells
Phosphorylation
Glucose
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Diabetic Nephropathies
Phenotype
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
IGF Type 1 Receptor
Protein C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Low insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 expression is responsible for increased insulin receptor substrate-1 phosphorylation in mesangial cells from mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis",
abstract = "Mesangial cells (MC) isolated from glomerulosclerosis-prone ragged, olygosyndactilism, pintail (ROP) mice retain a stable phenotype after exposure to elevated glucose concentrations, whereas MC from glomerulosclerosis-resistant C57BL/6 (C) mice do not. In NOD and db/db mice, the stable phenotype induced by diabetes consists of autocrine activation of the IGF-I signaling pathway. We hypothesized that high ambient glucose activates the IGF-I pathway in ROP but not in C MC. MC were propagated in either 6 or 25 mM glucose. Isolated murine glomeruli were used to confirm in vitro experiments. 25 mM glucose induced increased insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 phosphorylation in ROP but not C MC. However, IGF-I, IGF-I receptor, and IRS-1 protein levels were induced by exposure to 25 mM glucose in both cell lines. This occurred without a change in IGF-I binding sites, suggesting a role for IGF binding protein (IGFBP). ROP MC and glomeruli expressed less IGFBP-2 than C MC and glomeruli. Addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 partially blunted the effect of 25 mM glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation in ROP MC. Renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy also showed markedly decreased IGFBP-2 expression when compared with patients without nephropathy. In summary, glucose induces IRS-1 phosphorylation in MC isolated from ROP mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis. IGFBP-2 expression was low in ROP MC and glomeruli from patients with diabetic nephropathy, suggesting that this may represent a new marker of susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. Finally, addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 in ROP MC partially blunted the effect of high glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation and might have a protective role.",
author = "Alessia Fornoni and Rosenzweig, {Steven A.} and Oliver Lenz and Ana Rivera and Striker, {Gary E.} and Sharon Elliot",
year = "2006",
month = "6",
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doi = "10.1210/en.2006-0066",
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pages = "3547--3554",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Low insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 expression is responsible for increased insulin receptor substrate-1 phosphorylation in mesangial cells from mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis

AU - Fornoni, Alessia

AU - Rosenzweig, Steven A.

AU - Lenz, Oliver

AU - Rivera, Ana

AU - Striker, Gary E.

AU - Elliot, Sharon

PY - 2006/6/23

Y1 - 2006/6/23

N2 - Mesangial cells (MC) isolated from glomerulosclerosis-prone ragged, olygosyndactilism, pintail (ROP) mice retain a stable phenotype after exposure to elevated glucose concentrations, whereas MC from glomerulosclerosis-resistant C57BL/6 (C) mice do not. In NOD and db/db mice, the stable phenotype induced by diabetes consists of autocrine activation of the IGF-I signaling pathway. We hypothesized that high ambient glucose activates the IGF-I pathway in ROP but not in C MC. MC were propagated in either 6 or 25 mM glucose. Isolated murine glomeruli were used to confirm in vitro experiments. 25 mM glucose induced increased insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 phosphorylation in ROP but not C MC. However, IGF-I, IGF-I receptor, and IRS-1 protein levels were induced by exposure to 25 mM glucose in both cell lines. This occurred without a change in IGF-I binding sites, suggesting a role for IGF binding protein (IGFBP). ROP MC and glomeruli expressed less IGFBP-2 than C MC and glomeruli. Addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 partially blunted the effect of 25 mM glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation in ROP MC. Renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy also showed markedly decreased IGFBP-2 expression when compared with patients without nephropathy. In summary, glucose induces IRS-1 phosphorylation in MC isolated from ROP mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis. IGFBP-2 expression was low in ROP MC and glomeruli from patients with diabetic nephropathy, suggesting that this may represent a new marker of susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. Finally, addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 in ROP MC partially blunted the effect of high glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation and might have a protective role.

AB - Mesangial cells (MC) isolated from glomerulosclerosis-prone ragged, olygosyndactilism, pintail (ROP) mice retain a stable phenotype after exposure to elevated glucose concentrations, whereas MC from glomerulosclerosis-resistant C57BL/6 (C) mice do not. In NOD and db/db mice, the stable phenotype induced by diabetes consists of autocrine activation of the IGF-I signaling pathway. We hypothesized that high ambient glucose activates the IGF-I pathway in ROP but not in C MC. MC were propagated in either 6 or 25 mM glucose. Isolated murine glomeruli were used to confirm in vitro experiments. 25 mM glucose induced increased insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 phosphorylation in ROP but not C MC. However, IGF-I, IGF-I receptor, and IRS-1 protein levels were induced by exposure to 25 mM glucose in both cell lines. This occurred without a change in IGF-I binding sites, suggesting a role for IGF binding protein (IGFBP). ROP MC and glomeruli expressed less IGFBP-2 than C MC and glomeruli. Addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 partially blunted the effect of 25 mM glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation in ROP MC. Renal biopsies from patients with diabetic nephropathy also showed markedly decreased IGFBP-2 expression when compared with patients without nephropathy. In summary, glucose induces IRS-1 phosphorylation in MC isolated from ROP mice susceptible to glomerulosclerosis. IGFBP-2 expression was low in ROP MC and glomeruli from patients with diabetic nephropathy, suggesting that this may represent a new marker of susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. Finally, addition of exogenous IGFBP-2 in ROP MC partially blunted the effect of high glucose on IRS-1 phosphorylation and might have a protective role.

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