Low-cost, smartphone-based frequency doubling technology visual field testing using a head-mounted display

Karam Al Rahman Alawa, Ryan P. Nolan, Elaine Han, Alejandro Arboleda, Heather Durkee, Mohamed S. Sayed, Mariela C. Aguilar, Richard K. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Current visual field screening machines are bulky and expensive, limiting their accessibility, affordability and use. We report the design and evaluation of a novel, portable, cost-effective system for glaucoma screening using smartphone-based visual field screening using frequency doubling technology (FDT) and a head-mounted display. Methods: Nineteen eyes of 10 subjects with new-onset or chronic primary open angle glaucoma were tested and compared with the Humphrey Zeiss FDT and the newly developed Mobile Virtual Perimetry (MVP) FDT with the C-20 testing pattern. Mann-Whitney, Bland-Altman and linear regression analyses were performed to assess statistical difference, agreement and correlation, respectively, between the two devices. Results: The average age of the participants was 58±15 years. No statistically significant difference was found between the MVP FDT and the Humphrey Zeiss FDT (p>0.05). Bland-Altman and linear regression analyses demonstrated good agreement and correlation between the two devices. Conclusion: The MVP FDT is a low-cost, portable visual field screening device that produces comparable results to the Humphrey Zeiss FDT and may be used as an easily accessible screening tool for glaucoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Visual Fields
Head
Technology
Costs and Cost Analysis
Visual Field Tests
Glaucoma
Equipment and Supplies
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Smartphone

Keywords

  • Field of vision
  • Glaucoma
  • Telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Low-cost, smartphone-based frequency doubling technology visual field testing using a head-mounted display. / Alawa, Karam Al Rahman; Nolan, Ryan P.; Han, Elaine; Arboleda, Alejandro; Durkee, Heather; Sayed, Mohamed S.; Aguilar, Mariela C.; Lee, Richard K.

In: British Journal of Ophthalmology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alawa, Karam Al Rahman ; Nolan, Ryan P. ; Han, Elaine ; Arboleda, Alejandro ; Durkee, Heather ; Sayed, Mohamed S. ; Aguilar, Mariela C. ; Lee, Richard K. / Low-cost, smartphone-based frequency doubling technology visual field testing using a head-mounted display. In: British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2019.
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