Loss of BMI1 in mature olfactory sensory neurons leads to increased olfactory basal cell proliferation

Rhea Choi, Sarah Kurtenbach, Bradley J Goldstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Damage to olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), situated within the neuroepithelium of the olfactory cleft, may be associated with anosmia. Although their direct contact with the nasal airspace make OSNs vulnerable to injury and death, multiple mechanisms maintain epithelium integrity and olfactory function. We hypothesized that BMI1, a polycomb protein found to be enriched in OSNs, may function in neuroprotection. Here, we explored BMI1 function in a mouse model. Methods: Utilizing a mouse genetic approach to delete Bmi1 selectively in mature OSNs, we investigated changes in OE homeostasis by performing immunohistochemical, biochemical, and functional assays. Reverse transcription–quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), immunostaining, and electro-olfactograms were used to compare gene expression, cell composition, and olfactory function in OSN-specific BMI1 knockout mice (n = 3 to 5) and controls. Chromatin studies were also performed to identify protein-DNA interactions between BMI1 and its target genes (n = 3). Results: OSN-specific BMI1 knockout led to increased neuron death and basal cell activation. Chromatin studies suggested a mechanism of increased neurodegeneration due to de-repression of a pro-apoptosis gene, p19ARF. Despite the increased turnover, we found that olfactory neuroepithelium thickness and olfactory function remained intact. Our studies also revealed the presence of additional polycomb group proteins that may compensate for the loss of BMI1 in mature OSNs. Conclusion: The olfactory neuroepithelium employs multiple mechanisms to maintain epithelial homeostasis. Our findings provide evidence that in a mouse model of BMI1 deletion, the overall integrity and function of the olfactory neuroepithelium are not compromised, despite increased neuronal turnover, reflecting a remarkable reparative capacity to sustain a critical sensory system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Olfactory Receptor Neurons
Cell Proliferation
Chromatin
Homeostasis
Polycomb-Group Proteins
Olfaction Disorders
Olfactory Mucosa
Multiple Trauma
Nose
Knockout Mice
Genes
Proteins
Cell Death
Apoptosis
Gene Expression
Neurons
Polymerase Chain Reaction
DNA

Keywords

  • anosmia
  • olfaction
  • olfactory disorders
  • olfactory sensory neurons
  • polycomb group proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

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title = "Loss of BMI1 in mature olfactory sensory neurons leads to increased olfactory basal cell proliferation",
abstract = "Background: Damage to olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), situated within the neuroepithelium of the olfactory cleft, may be associated with anosmia. Although their direct contact with the nasal airspace make OSNs vulnerable to injury and death, multiple mechanisms maintain epithelium integrity and olfactory function. We hypothesized that BMI1, a polycomb protein found to be enriched in OSNs, may function in neuroprotection. Here, we explored BMI1 function in a mouse model. Methods: Utilizing a mouse genetic approach to delete Bmi1 selectively in mature OSNs, we investigated changes in OE homeostasis by performing immunohistochemical, biochemical, and functional assays. Reverse transcription–quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), immunostaining, and electro-olfactograms were used to compare gene expression, cell composition, and olfactory function in OSN-specific BMI1 knockout mice (n = 3 to 5) and controls. Chromatin studies were also performed to identify protein-DNA interactions between BMI1 and its target genes (n = 3). Results: OSN-specific BMI1 knockout led to increased neuron death and basal cell activation. Chromatin studies suggested a mechanism of increased neurodegeneration due to de-repression of a pro-apoptosis gene, p19ARF. Despite the increased turnover, we found that olfactory neuroepithelium thickness and olfactory function remained intact. Our studies also revealed the presence of additional polycomb group proteins that may compensate for the loss of BMI1 in mature OSNs. Conclusion: The olfactory neuroepithelium employs multiple mechanisms to maintain epithelial homeostasis. Our findings provide evidence that in a mouse model of BMI1 deletion, the overall integrity and function of the olfactory neuroepithelium are not compromised, despite increased neuronal turnover, reflecting a remarkable reparative capacity to sustain a critical sensory system.",
keywords = "anosmia, olfaction, olfactory disorders, olfactory sensory neurons, polycomb group proteins",
author = "Rhea Choi and Sarah Kurtenbach and Goldstein, {Bradley J}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1002/alr.22366",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology",
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T1 - Loss of BMI1 in mature olfactory sensory neurons leads to increased olfactory basal cell proliferation

AU - Choi, Rhea

AU - Kurtenbach, Sarah

AU - Goldstein, Bradley J

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Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: Damage to olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), situated within the neuroepithelium of the olfactory cleft, may be associated with anosmia. Although their direct contact with the nasal airspace make OSNs vulnerable to injury and death, multiple mechanisms maintain epithelium integrity and olfactory function. We hypothesized that BMI1, a polycomb protein found to be enriched in OSNs, may function in neuroprotection. Here, we explored BMI1 function in a mouse model. Methods: Utilizing a mouse genetic approach to delete Bmi1 selectively in mature OSNs, we investigated changes in OE homeostasis by performing immunohistochemical, biochemical, and functional assays. Reverse transcription–quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), immunostaining, and electro-olfactograms were used to compare gene expression, cell composition, and olfactory function in OSN-specific BMI1 knockout mice (n = 3 to 5) and controls. Chromatin studies were also performed to identify protein-DNA interactions between BMI1 and its target genes (n = 3). Results: OSN-specific BMI1 knockout led to increased neuron death and basal cell activation. Chromatin studies suggested a mechanism of increased neurodegeneration due to de-repression of a pro-apoptosis gene, p19ARF. Despite the increased turnover, we found that olfactory neuroepithelium thickness and olfactory function remained intact. Our studies also revealed the presence of additional polycomb group proteins that may compensate for the loss of BMI1 in mature OSNs. Conclusion: The olfactory neuroepithelium employs multiple mechanisms to maintain epithelial homeostasis. Our findings provide evidence that in a mouse model of BMI1 deletion, the overall integrity and function of the olfactory neuroepithelium are not compromised, despite increased neuronal turnover, reflecting a remarkable reparative capacity to sustain a critical sensory system.

AB - Background: Damage to olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs), situated within the neuroepithelium of the olfactory cleft, may be associated with anosmia. Although their direct contact with the nasal airspace make OSNs vulnerable to injury and death, multiple mechanisms maintain epithelium integrity and olfactory function. We hypothesized that BMI1, a polycomb protein found to be enriched in OSNs, may function in neuroprotection. Here, we explored BMI1 function in a mouse model. Methods: Utilizing a mouse genetic approach to delete Bmi1 selectively in mature OSNs, we investigated changes in OE homeostasis by performing immunohistochemical, biochemical, and functional assays. Reverse transcription–quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), immunostaining, and electro-olfactograms were used to compare gene expression, cell composition, and olfactory function in OSN-specific BMI1 knockout mice (n = 3 to 5) and controls. Chromatin studies were also performed to identify protein-DNA interactions between BMI1 and its target genes (n = 3). Results: OSN-specific BMI1 knockout led to increased neuron death and basal cell activation. Chromatin studies suggested a mechanism of increased neurodegeneration due to de-repression of a pro-apoptosis gene, p19ARF. Despite the increased turnover, we found that olfactory neuroepithelium thickness and olfactory function remained intact. Our studies also revealed the presence of additional polycomb group proteins that may compensate for the loss of BMI1 in mature OSNs. Conclusion: The olfactory neuroepithelium employs multiple mechanisms to maintain epithelial homeostasis. Our findings provide evidence that in a mouse model of BMI1 deletion, the overall integrity and function of the olfactory neuroepithelium are not compromised, despite increased neuronal turnover, reflecting a remarkable reparative capacity to sustain a critical sensory system.

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