Longitudinal relationships between cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms among Hispanic older adults

Tatiana Perrino, Craig A. Mason, Scott C. Brown, Arnold Spokane, José Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the relationship between cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms across 3 years in a prospective study of 273 community-dwelling, Hispanic older adults in Miami. The analyses extend the literature by testing for a bidirectional or reciprocal relationship between depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning over time and by examining the relationship between these variables among Hispanics, an understudied population at risk of developing depressive symptoms and cognitive impairments. Structural equation modeling with a cross-lagged panel design showed that depressive symptoms were unrelated to subsequent cognitive functioning. However, cognitive functioning was related to subsequent depressive symptoms at every time point, such that poorer cognitive functioning was related to higher depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that cognitive declines may predict depressive symptoms in community-dwelling Hispanic older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)P309-P317
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Cognitive functioning
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Hispanics/latinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Longitudinal relationships between cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms among Hispanic older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this