Longitudinal examination of the behavioral, language, and social changes in a population of adolescents and young adults with autistic disorder

Karen Ballaban-Gil, Isabelle Rapin, Roberto Tuchman, Shlomo Shinnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This follow-up study evaluates the behavioral, language, and social outcomes in a population of autistic patients initially examined in childhood. We evaluated 102 (63%) of the 163 eligible subjects, including 54 adolescents (1217 years of age) and 45 adults (≤18 years of age). Three patients had died in the interim. Behavior difficulties continued to be a problem in 69% of adolescents and adults. Thirty-five percent of adolescents and 49% of adults engaged in self-injurious behavior, and slightly more than 50% of adolescents and adults exhibited some stereotypic behaviors. Over 90% of both adolescents and adults had persisting social deficits. Language improved with age, although only 35% achieved normal or near-normal fluency. Comprehension also improved, although only 29% of subjects had achieved normal or near-normal comprehension of oral language. At the time of last follow-up, 28% of all patients and 53% of adults were living in residential placement. Only 11% of adults were employed on the open market, all in menial jobs; an additional 16% were employed in sheltered workshops. The social, behavioral, and language deficits identified in early life in autistic children tend to persist into adolescence and young adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1996

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Autistic Disorder
Social Change
Young Adult
Language
Population
Sheltered Workshops
Self-Injurious Behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Longitudinal examination of the behavioral, language, and social changes in a population of adolescents and young adults with autistic disorder. / Ballaban-Gil, Karen; Rapin, Isabelle; Tuchman, Roberto; Shinnar, Shlomo.

In: Pediatric Neurology, Vol. 15, No. 3, 01.10.1996, p. 217-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ballaban-Gil, Karen ; Rapin, Isabelle ; Tuchman, Roberto ; Shinnar, Shlomo. / Longitudinal examination of the behavioral, language, and social changes in a population of adolescents and young adults with autistic disorder. In: Pediatric Neurology. 1996 ; Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 217-223.
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