BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Retinovascular anomalies in the fellow eyes of patients with Coats' disease have been described, but the clinical significance is unknown, as well as whether these lesions progress over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an international, multicenter, retrospective, observational cohort study of fellow-eye abnormalities on widefield fluorescein angiography in patients with Coats' disease. RESULTS: Three hundred fifty eyes of 175 patients with Coats' disease were analyzed. A total of 33 patients (18.8%) demonstrated abnormal fellow-eye findings: 14 (42.4%) telangiectasias, 18 (54.5%) aneurysms, six (18.2%) segmental non-perfusion, six (18.2%) leakage, and two (6.0%) vascular tortuosity. All eyes were asymptomatic, and none of the lesions progressed over time. There was no association between fellow-eye findings with severity of Coats' disease (P = .16), patient age (P = .16), or presence of systemic vascular disease (P = .16). CONCLUSIONS: The vascular abnormalities in fellow eyes of patients with Coats' disease did not progress over time. Observation is a reasonable initial management strategy. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2019;50:221-227.].
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