Long-term retention of musculoskeletal ultrasound training during residency

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3 Scopus citations


The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation residents at a large academic medical center. The investigators chose the following six joints for training and evaluation: Ankle, elbow, hip, knee, shoulder, and wrist/hand. The program included: (1) didactic lectures on anatomy and ultrasound technique; (2) peer-led demonstrations of the procedure on a standardized patient (SP); (3) individual practice on standardized patients; (4) faculty observation and feedback; (5) review sessions and additional practice; and (6) assessment of skills in an objective structured clinical examination. From 2013 to 2017, 30 physical medicine and rehabilitation residents were trained and evaluated. The results, based on objective structured clinical examination scores, showed that most residents achieved the appropriate level of competency for their year. A blended, standardized curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound instruction with assessment by an objective structured clinical examination can be used to evaluate musculoskeletal ultrasound skills and can help align this education with residency milestones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-530
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018


  • Musculoskeletal System
  • Residency
  • Training
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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