Long-term results of kidney transplantation at the University of Miami.

G. Burke, V. Esquenazi, H. Gharagozloo, D. Roth, J. Strauss, G. Kyriakides, M. Milgrom, D. Ranjan, N. Contreras, A. Rosen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of 631 renal allografts performed at our center between January 1, 1979 and June 30, 1989, 368 were from cadaver donors (CAD) and 263 were from living-related donors (LRD). The recipients were almost equally divided among 3 ethnic groups: Black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic, non-Black (primarily of northern European background). Recipient ages ranged between 1 and 70 years. In the CAD group HLA matching was emphasized so that no patient received a kidney with less than a 1 DR match, and for the entire series there was a mean of 2.4 of 6 HLA antigens matched between donor and recipient. All patients (LRD and CAD) received at least 3 pretransplant blood transfusions. Overall actuarial 10-year patient and graft survival were 68% and 48% respectively, with 72% patient and 56% graft survival for LRD and 58% patient and 36% graft survival for CAD recipients. Factors adversely affecting long-term graft outcome were: a) Black race. Overall 10-year graft survival was 23% versus 55% for non-Blacks (p = 0.008); b) Type I Diabetes before transplant. Overall 10-year graft survival was 35% versus 51% for nondiabetics; and c) Compliance. This was the most significant factor influencing long-term survival, other than death due to cardiovascular disease. In a non-Black, nondiabetic category of less than 36 years of age at transplantation (n = 169), 10-year patient survival in LRD and CAD groups was 95% and 85%, respectively, and graft survival was 78% and 70%, respectively. This was markedly different from the entire series (p = 0.008). Even in this group, 4 of the 17 graft losses (including mortality) were due to documented prolonged noncompliance in teenagers. The 6 other deaths that occurred were due to hepatitis/cirrhosis (2), CMV (3), and AIDS (1). Among the factors not influencing graft survival in the CAD group was HLA matching after the minimum requirements were fulfilled, either by comparing 1 with 2 DR antigens, or total HLA (1-6) antigens matched.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-228
Number of pages14
JournalClinical transplants
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Burke, G., Esquenazi, V., Gharagozloo, H., Roth, D., Strauss, J., Kyriakides, G., Milgrom, M., Ranjan, D., Contreras, N., & Rosen, A. (1989). Long-term results of kidney transplantation at the University of Miami. Clinical transplants, 215-228.