Long-term outcomes of prophylactic placement of an endovascular balloon in the vena cava for high-risk transvenous lead extractions

Darren C. Tsang, Ryan Azarrafiy, Simon Pecha, Hermann Reichenspurner, Roger G. Carrillo, Samer Hakmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Many clinicians use the strategy of prophylactically placing an endovascular balloon before transvenous lead extraction, yet there are no data regarding this practice. Objective This study assesses long-term outcomes of prophylactic placement of an endovascular balloon in the venae cavae of patients during transvenous lead extraction. Methods From April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2017 data were prospectively collected at 2 international cardiovascular centers on patients who had the balloon prophylactically placed in the venae cavae. Patients were monitored for a minimum of 3 months to capture any associated adverse events. Results Twenty-one patients had the balloon prophylactically placed in the venae cavae during lead extraction. Sixteen patients were male (76%); the mean age was 57.6 ± 18.7 years; and the mean body mass index was 26.1 ± 4.4 kg/m2. The mean lead dwell time was 11.2 ± 8.3 years, with an average of 2.2 ± 1.1 leads per case, and most indications for extraction were noninfectious (62%). Two minor complications (10%, pocket hematomas) and 1 major complication (5%, cardiac tamponade) occurred during the procedure. All cases (100%) were procedural successes, and all patients (100%) were discharged alive. On follow-up (6.8 ± 3.7 months), all patients were alive and reported no adverse events related to prophylactic balloon placement, such as pulmonary emboli or deep venous thrombi. Conclusion During the study period, we observed no acute or long-term adverse outcomes associated with prophylactic placement of an endovascular balloon in the venae cavae of patients undergoing transvenous lead extraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1833-1838
Number of pages6
JournalHeart rhythm
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Bridge
  • Endovascular balloon
  • Long-term outcomes
  • Prophylactic placement
  • Transvenous lead extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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