Purpose To describe the long-term outcomes of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) for the treatment of pediatric retinal and choroidal diseases. Methods This was a multicenter, retrospective, consecutive case series of patients <18 years of age treated with IVB from 2005 to 2013. Primary outcome measures included visual acuity and central macular thickness at 12 months' follow-up. Results A total of 95 eyes of 90 patients (average age, 8.7 years [range, 0.33-17 years]) were included, in which 352 injections (average, 3.7/eye) were administered for choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM, n = 35), Coats disease (n = 35), familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR, n = 13), cystoid macular edema (CME, n = 6), and other (n = 6). Mean follow-up was 679 ± 581 days. IVB was used as monotherapy in 27 eyes and as part of combination therapy in 68. Mean Snellen equivalent visual acuity improved from 20/224 at baseline to 20/120 at 6 months (P = 0.034) and 20/108 at 12 months (P = 0.005). Mean central macular thickness improved from 426 μm to 349 μm at 6 months (P = 0.025) and 340 μm at 12 months (P = 0.002). Statistically significant visual acuity gains at 12 months were achieved in patients with CNVM (P = 0.009) but not in eyes with CME (P = 0.06), Coats disease (P = 0.15), or FEVR (P = 0.93). Adverse effects included ocular hypertension in 8 eyes and worsening tractional retinal detachment in 3 eyes. Conclusions Patients receiving IVB as part of the treatment for pediatric retinal and choroidal diseases experienced significant visual acuity gains and reductions in central macular thickness. IVB was generally well tolerated, although safety concerns persist.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health