Loneliness, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes Prevalence in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study

Samantha A. Foti, Tasneem Khambaty, Orit Birnbaum-Weitzman, William Arguelles, Frank Penedo, Rebeca A. Espinoza Giacinto, Angela P. Gutierrez, Linda C. Gallo, Aida L. Giachello, Neil Schneiderman, Maria M. Llabre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relationship between loneliness and both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) has been understudied in U.S. Hispanics, a group at high risk for DM. We examined whether loneliness was associated with CVD and DM, and whether age, sex, marital status, and years in U.S moderated these associations. Participants were 5,313 adults (M (SD) age = 42.39 (15.01)) enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Loneliness was assessed via the 3-item Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale. Level of reported loneliness was low. Loneliness was significantly associated with CVD: OR 1.10 (CI 1.01–1.20) and DM: OR 1.08 (CI 1.00–1.16) after adjusting for depression, demographics, body mass index, and smoking status. Age, sex, marital status, and years in U.S. did not moderate associations. Given that increased loneliness is associated with higher cardiometabolic disease prevalence beyond depressive symptoms, regardless of age, sex, marital status, or years in the U.S., Hispanic adults experiencing high levels of loneliness may be a subgroup at particularly elevated risk for CVD and DM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-352
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Hispanics
  • Latinos
  • Loneliness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Foti, S. A., Khambaty, T., Birnbaum-Weitzman, O., Arguelles, W., Penedo, F., Espinoza Giacinto, R. A., Gutierrez, A. P., Gallo, L. C., Giachello, A. L., Schneiderman, N., & Llabre, M. M. (2020). Loneliness, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes Prevalence in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 22(2), 345-352. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-019-00885-7