Liver Transplantation for Viral Hepatitis: Current Status

Paul Martin, Santiago J. Munoz, Lawrence S. Friedman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver transplantation is now considered definitive therapy for end-stage liver disease and has been playing an increasingly important role in the management of fulminant hepatic failure. With the advent of effective immunosuppression and improved surgical techniques, high survival rates can be expected for most transplanted patients. It has become apparent, however, that transplantation for patients with viral hepatitis is associated with some unique problems because of the propensity for viral reinfection of the grafted liver. Patients with actively replicating hepatitis B viral infection pretransplantation appear to be most likely to experience clinically significant recurrent hepatitis. Recurrent hepatitis D (delta) and hepatitis C appear to be relatively less serious in the transplanted liver. Interventions to prevent or treat graft reinfection have thus far met with limited success. Further studies are needed to define more precisely which patients with viral hepatitis are likely to do poorly after liver transplantation, and to develop strategies for treating recurrent hepatitis in transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-418
Number of pages10
JournalThe American journal of gastroenterology
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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