Liver fat accumulation after islet transplantation and graft survival

Cristiane Bauermann Leitão, Eduardo Moraes Leao Peixoto, Antonio C. Westphalen, Leonor G. Mireles-Zavala, Vincenzo Lauriola, Karina Bernetti, Andrea Corrales, Camillo Ricordi, Rodolfo Alejandro

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our objective is to evaluate if there is an association between liver fat accumulation after islet transplantation (ITx) and graft survival. A cohort study was conducted in 34 subjects with type 1 diabetes postallogeneic ITx. Liver fat content was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (change in liver signal intensity on inphase and opposed-phase images). Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regression analysis were performed with islet dysfunction duration as the dependent variable and fat liver content as an independent one. Values of p < 0.05 were significant (SSPS®18.0 and MedCalc®12.5). Patients’ mean age was 40 ± 8 years (diabetes duration: 31 ± 12 years, male: 41%). Islet survival did not differ in patients without (51 months, 95% CI 40–62 months) or with steatosis (48 months, 95% CI 38–58 months, p = 0.55) during islet dysfunction period. Nevertheless, survival curves appear to separate late in the follow-up, and after 40 months steatosis was associated with shorter graft survival (p log rank = 0.049). This association remained (RR 23.5, 95% CI 1.1–516.0, p = 0.045) after adjustments for possible confounding factors. In this sample of subjects with type 1 diabetes submitted to ITx, steatosis was not associated with islet failure in the whole cohort. However, in subjects with functional islets after 40 months, a shorter graft survival was observed in those with steatosis during the islet dysfunction period, even after adjustments to variables known to be associated with islet failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1221-1227
Number of pages7
JournalCell Transplantation
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Graft survival
  • Islet transplantation (ITx)
  • Steatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Leitão, C. B., Peixoto, E. M. L., Westphalen, A. C., Mireles-Zavala, L. G., Lauriola, V., Bernetti, K., Corrales, A., Ricordi, C., & Alejandro, R. (2014). Liver fat accumulation after islet transplantation and graft survival. Cell Transplantation, 23(10), 1221-1227. https://doi.org/10.3727/096368913X668663