The therapeutic effect of lithium in manic-depressive illness may involve alterations in the activity of the phosphoinositide second messenger system. Lithium administration to rats potentiates responses to cholinergic agonists, as evidenced by the production of seizures in lithium-treated rats after normally nonconvulsant doses of cholinergic agonists. We now report that lithium also potentiates the response to a serotonin (5-HT) agonist, DOI, that activates 5-HT2/5-HT(1C) receptors coupled to phosphoinositide hydrolysis. EEG recordings showed that administration of DOI (8 mg kg-1) to lithium-treated, but not to lithium-naive, rats caused seizures which were blocked by ritanserin pretreatment. These results demonstrate that lithium pretreatment causes a normally subconvulsive dose of serotonergic, in addition to cholinergic, agonists to induce seizures. Since DOI, like cholinergic agonists, activates receptors coupled with phosphoinositide hydrolysis and lithium potentiates responses to each, this second messenger system is likely to be involved in this effect of lithium.
- bipolar affective disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas