Objective: The impact of household language on Latino-White and Latino intragroup disparities in child health and having a medical home in the United States is poorly understood. This study aimed to examine these disparities 1) between Whites and Latinos (overall and stratified by English-primary-language [EPL] and non-English-primary-language [NEPL] households); 2) within Latinos, stratified by household language; and 3) potential moderation of disparities by social determinants. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of nationally representative sample of children 0 to 17 years old from the 2016–2018 National Survey of Children's Health. We evaluated associations of child race/ethnicity and household language with child health and presence of a medical home. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare groups of interest, adjusting for sociodemographic factors and health needs. Moderation was assessed using interaction terms for household income, parental educational attainment, and child insurance coverage. Results: Among 81,514 children, 13.5% were NEPL Latino, and 19.4% were EPL Latino. Compared with EPL Whites, both EPL and NEPL Latinos had reduced odds of excellent/very good health (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.58–0.84; and aOR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.33–0.53) and presence of a medical home (aOR: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.56–0.69; and aOR: 0.45; 95% CI: 0.37–0.54), respectively. Among Latinos, NEPL (vs EPL) was also associated with reduced odds of excellent/very good health (aOR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.46–0.83), and presence of a medical home (aOR: 0.66; 95% CI: 0.48–0.78); these associations were magnified by adverse social determinants. Conclusions: Striking Latino-White and within-Latino medical-home disparities persist in the United States, particularly for NEPL Latino children. Interventions should target social determinants and the rich sociocultural and linguistic diversity of the Latino population.
- health care disparities
- Latino child health
- medical home
- primary household language
- social determinants of health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health