Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children

R. S. Pynoos, C. Frederick, K. Nader, W. Arroyo, A. Steinberg, Spencer Eth, F. Nunez, L. Fairbanks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

885 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One hundred fifty-nine children (14.5% of the student body) were sampled after a fatal sniper attack on their elementary school playground. Systematic self-reports of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were obtained by use of a child PTSD Reaction Index. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences by exposure but not by sex, ethnicity, or age. Additional analyses were conducted of individual item response, overall severity of PTSD reaction, symptom grouping, and previous life events. The results provide strong evidence that acute PTSD symptoms occur in school-age children with a notable correlation between proximity to the violence and type and number of PTSD symptoms. Sampling at approximately one month after the trauma provided adequate delineation among exposure groups. The symptoms profile of highly exposed children lends validity to the diagnosis of acute PTSD in childhood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1063
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume44
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute
Violence
Self Report
Analysis of Variance
Students
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Pynoos, R. S., Frederick, C., Nader, K., Arroyo, W., Steinberg, A., Eth, S., ... Fairbanks, L. (1987). Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44(12), 1057-1063.

Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children. / Pynoos, R. S.; Frederick, C.; Nader, K.; Arroyo, W.; Steinberg, A.; Eth, Spencer; Nunez, F.; Fairbanks, L.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 44, No. 12, 01.12.1987, p. 1057-1063.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pynoos, RS, Frederick, C, Nader, K, Arroyo, W, Steinberg, A, Eth, S, Nunez, F & Fairbanks, L 1987, 'Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children', Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1057-1063.
Pynoos RS, Frederick C, Nader K, Arroyo W, Steinberg A, Eth S et al. Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1987 Dec 1;44(12):1057-1063.
Pynoos, R. S. ; Frederick, C. ; Nader, K. ; Arroyo, W. ; Steinberg, A. ; Eth, Spencer ; Nunez, F. ; Fairbanks, L. / Life threat and posttraumatic stress in school-age children. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1987 ; Vol. 44, No. 12. pp. 1057-1063.
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