Life History Theory

Basics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

There is a deep connection between population dynamics and life history, since populations are comprised of individuals. 'Population dynamics' refers to a time series of population size (and structure). 'Life history' refers to the timing of 'key events' across the life cycle of individuals. Population projection matrices can be decomposed into a sum of two matrices, one for single time-step fates of already existing individuals and another for single time-step production of new individuals. Matrices are clearly related to age-specific survivorship and fertility schedules of life tables, directly for age-structured populations and through Markov chain analysis for stage-structured populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages384-389
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780128004265
ISBN (Print)9780128000496
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 2016

Fingerprint

Population dynamics
life history
Population Dynamics
Population
Markov Chains
Life Tables
population dynamics
Population Density
Life Cycle Stages
Markov processes
Fertility
Life cycle
Time series
Appointments and Schedules
life tables
Survival Rate
time series analysis
life cycle (organisms)
population structure
population size

Keywords

  • Fertility schedule
  • Fundamental matrix
  • Generation time
  • Lefkovitch matrix
  • Leslie matrix
  • Life expectancy
  • Life history
  • Life table
  • Markov chain
  • Net reproductive rate
  • Population projection matrix
  • Structured populations
  • Survivorship schedule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Horvitz, C. C. (2016). Life History Theory: Basics. In Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology (pp. 384-389). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800049-6.00091-3

Life History Theory : Basics. / Horvitz, Carol C.

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology. Elsevier Inc., 2016. p. 384-389.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Horvitz, CC 2016, Life History Theory: Basics. in Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology. Elsevier Inc., pp. 384-389. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800049-6.00091-3
Horvitz CC. Life History Theory: Basics. In Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology. Elsevier Inc. 2016. p. 384-389 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800049-6.00091-3
Horvitz, Carol C. / Life History Theory : Basics. Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Biology. Elsevier Inc., 2016. pp. 384-389
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