The short-term (1 month) and long-term (6 months) safety of combination lidoflazine-propranolol therapy was investigated in an open trial of 15 patients with stable angina of effort. The possible advantages of adding lidoflazine (titrated to 360 mg daily) to patients having a therapeutic response to propranolol (80-400 mg daily) was also evaluated. Effects on non-invasive indexes of left ventricular function (echocardiography, systolic time intervals, radionuclide ventriculography) and exercise tolerance (treadmill exercise testing) were determined. There was no change in mean resting heart rate with the combination therapy, although one patient developed sinus bradycardia at a rate of 44 and had to have this propranolol dose reduced. Electrocardiographic analysis showed significant prolongation of the QT(c) intervals on lidoflazine-propranolol therapy compared to propranolol alone, with 3 patients having QT(c) interval prolongation to above .53 seconds, but there was no evidence of increased arrhythmogenesis with the combination therapy compared to propranolol alone. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume index tended to rise with combination therapy. However, lidoflazine-propranolol therapy did not produce any significant effects on resting ejection fraction determined by M-mode echocardiography or by radionuclide ventriculography. Radionuclide ventriculography determined peak exercise ejection fractions were also not significantly changed with combination therapy compared to propranolol alone. There were only small, insignificant improvements in exercise tolerance with the lidoflazine-propranolol combination treatment compared to propranolol alone. It is concluded that lidoflazine-propranolol combination therapy is generally safe but has the potential of causing serious adverse effects in certain patients, i.e. those with sick sinus disease, prolonged QT(c) intervals, and severe baseline left ventricular dysfunction, and that caution must be exercised in its use. Furthermore, it would appear that combination therapy provides only slight, if any, improvements in exercise tolerance in patients with chronic stable angina having a therapeutic response to oral propranolol.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine