Liabilities of foreignness: Concepts, constructs, and consequences

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialpeer-review

44 Scopus citations


In summary, past research on LOF, although limited in scope and directness of investigation, has laid the groundwork for advancing our understanding of this underdeveloped, yet important, issue. Present research has more directly investigated the "black box" of liabilities of foreignness and has expanded theoretical approaches used for this investigation. This special issue was designed to further broaden the scope and level of analysis of LOF research. This introduction emphasizes theoretical flows in past, present, and future research on LOF. It reviews major theories that underpin past and present studies on this issue and suggests several additional theories that future researchers may utilize to increase our understanding of LOF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-221
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of International Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management


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