Lentivirus vectors using human and simian immunodeficiency virus elements

Sarah M. White, Matthew Renda, Na Yon Nam, Ekaterina Klimatcheva, Yonghong Zhu, Jennifer Fisk, Mark Halterman, Bobbie J. Rimel, Howard Federoff, Snehal Pandya, Joseph D. Rosenblatt, Vicente Planelles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lentivirus vectors based on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 (HIV-1) constitute a recent development in the field of gene therapy. A key property of HIV-1-derived vectors is their ability to infect nondividing cells. Although high-titer HIV-1-derived vectors have been produced, concerns regarding safety still exist. Safety concerns arise mainly from the possibility of recombination between transfer and packaging vectors, which may give rise to replication-competent viruses with pathogenic potential. We describe a novel lentivirus vector which is based on HIV, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and which we refer to as HIV/SIVpack/G. In this system, an HIV-1-derived genome is encapsidated by SIVmac core particles. These core particles are pseudotyped with VSV glycoprotein G. Because the nucleotide homology between HIV-1 and SIVmac is low, the likelihood of recombination between vector elements should be reduced. In addition, the packaging construct (SIVpack) for this lentivirus system was derived from SIVmac1A11, a nonvirulent SIV strain. Thus, the potential for pathogenicity with this vector system is minimal. The transduction ability of HIV/SIVpack/G was demonstrated with immortalized human lymphocytes, human primary macrophages, human bone marrow-derived CD34+ cells, and primary mouse neurons. To our knowledge, these experiments constitute the first demonstration that the HIV-1-derived genome can be packaged by an SIVmac capsid. We demonstrate that the lentivirus vector described here recapitulates the biological properties of HIV-1-derived vectors, although with increased potential for safety in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2832-2840
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of virology
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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    White, S. M., Renda, M., Nam, N. Y., Klimatcheva, E., Zhu, Y., Fisk, J., Halterman, M., Rimel, B. J., Federoff, H., Pandya, S., Rosenblatt, J. D., & Planelles, V. (1999). Lentivirus vectors using human and simian immunodeficiency virus elements. Journal of virology, 73(4), 2832-2840. https://doi.org/10.1128/jvi.73.4.2832-2840.1999