Legal and ethical issues in electroconvulsive therapy

G. B. Leong, S. Eth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) today has become mired in legal regulations. Obtaining a valid informed consent prior to administering ECT is the duty of the treating psychiatrist; failure to obtain such consent is the most common area of professional liability. The trend of increased judicial scrutiny of ECT has generated both clinical and ethical dilemmas, especially in the context of the emerging concept of the right to effective treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1020
Number of pages14
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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