Leave-takings and reunions of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents.

Tiffany M Field, J. L. Gewirtz, D. Cohen, R. Garcia, R. Greenberg, K. Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The leave-taking and reunion behaviors of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents were observed as the children were "dropped off" and "picked up" at their nursery school each day. On arrival at their classroom, infants and toddlers related primarily to their parents, whereas preschoolers related to their teachers. Girls more frequently engaged in interaction with their teachers, and boys more frequently approached the children's play activities. Distress behaviors during the parents' departures were most frequently shown by toddlers, and the toddlers' parents hovered about them and " sneaked out of the room" more frequently. Children dropped off by mothers versus fathers showed more attention-getting behavior and crying, and mothers versus fathers engaged in more "distracting-the-child" behaviors and showed a longer latency to leave the classroom. During the second semester of observations parents and children spent less time relating to each other during leave-taking, children protested the departures less frequently, and the parents left the classroom more quickly. Regression analyses on distress behaviors during leave- takings and ambivalent behavior during reunions suggested that parent behaviors such as verbal explanation, distracting the child, latency to leave, and " sneaking out of the room" were correlated with children's distress and leave-taking distress was related to ambivalent behavior at reunion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-635
Number of pages8
JournalChild Development
Volume55
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reunion
infant
parents
Parents
Fathers
classroom
Mothers
Nursery Schools
father
Infant Behavior
Crying
Child Behavior
teacher
semester
Regression Analysis
regression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Field, T. M., Gewirtz, J. L., Cohen, D., Garcia, R., Greenberg, R., & Collins, K. (1984). Leave-takings and reunions of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents. Child Development, 55(2), 628-635.

Leave-takings and reunions of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents. / Field, Tiffany M; Gewirtz, J. L.; Cohen, D.; Garcia, R.; Greenberg, R.; Collins, K.

In: Child Development, Vol. 55, No. 2, 01.04.1984, p. 628-635.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Field, TM, Gewirtz, JL, Cohen, D, Garcia, R, Greenberg, R & Collins, K 1984, 'Leave-takings and reunions of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents.', Child Development, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 628-635.
Field TM, Gewirtz JL, Cohen D, Garcia R, Greenberg R, Collins K. Leave-takings and reunions of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents. Child Development. 1984 Apr 1;55(2):628-635.
Field, Tiffany M ; Gewirtz, J. L. ; Cohen, D. ; Garcia, R. ; Greenberg, R. ; Collins, K. / Leave-takings and reunions of infants, toddlers, preschoolers, and their parents. In: Child Development. 1984 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 628-635.
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