Learning and memory in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder

R. Yehuda, R. S E Keefe, Philip D Harvey, R. A. Levengood, D. K. Gerber, J. Geni, L. J. Siever

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

242 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The authors investigated a broad range of memory functions for stimuli unrelated to trauma to determine whether symptoms such as intrusive memories might reflect an underlying cognitive deficit unrelated to the psychological content of the traumatic memory in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Method: The authors measured the intellectual functioning of 20 male combat veterans with PTSD and 12 normal comparison subjects using the WAIS and evaluated them for performance on memory using the California Verbal Learning Test. Results: Veterans with PTSD showed normal abilities in the functions of initial attention, immediate memory, cumulative learning, and active interference from previous learning. However, these veterans showed a circumscribed cognitive deficit, manifested by the presence of substantial retroactive interference and revealed by a significant decrement in retention following exposure to an intervening word list. Conclusions: The data suggest that patients with PTSD may have fairly specific deficits in the monitoring and regulation of memory information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-139
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume152
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Veterans
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Learning
Verbal Learning
Problem-Based Learning
Aptitude
Short-Term Memory
Psychology
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Yehuda, R., Keefe, R. S. E., Harvey, P. D., Levengood, R. A., Gerber, D. K., Geni, J., & Siever, L. J. (1995). Learning and memory in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152(1), 137-139.

Learning and memory in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. / Yehuda, R.; Keefe, R. S E; Harvey, Philip D; Levengood, R. A.; Gerber, D. K.; Geni, J.; Siever, L. J.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 152, No. 1, 01.01.1995, p. 137-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yehuda, R, Keefe, RSE, Harvey, PD, Levengood, RA, Gerber, DK, Geni, J & Siever, LJ 1995, 'Learning and memory in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 152, no. 1, pp. 137-139.
Yehuda R, Keefe RSE, Harvey PD, Levengood RA, Gerber DK, Geni J et al. Learning and memory in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1995 Jan 1;152(1):137-139.
Yehuda, R. ; Keefe, R. S E ; Harvey, Philip D ; Levengood, R. A. ; Gerber, D. K. ; Geni, J. ; Siever, L. J. / Learning and memory in combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1995 ; Vol. 152, No. 1. pp. 137-139.
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