Learning and memory in aging combat veterans with PTSD

Rachel Yehuda, Julia A. Golier, Lisa Tischler, Karina Stavitsky, Philip D Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) was administered to examine learning and memory performance in aging combat veterans with (n=30) and without PTSD (n=20), and veterans unexposed to combat (n=15). Combat veterans with PTSD (PTSD+) showed many impairments compared to non-exposed veterans, but only long-delay free recall consistently discriminated the PTSD+ group from combat-exposed subjects without PTSD (PTSD-), when data were corrected for subscale scores on the WAIS (Vocabulary, Block Design). Alterations in total learning were associated with PTSD when controlling for substance abuse and depression. Two contrast measures, proactive interference and recognition hits, distinguished combat from noncombat veterans, and may be related to trauma exposure. Impairments in total learning are similar to what has been observed in Holocaust survivors. However, increased severity of rapid forgetting may be a specific alteration in older combat veterans, likely reflecting aspects of both combat exposure and aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-515
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Veterans
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Learning
Holocaust
Verbal Learning
Vocabulary
Substance-Related Disorders
Survivors
Depression
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Learning and memory in aging combat veterans with PTSD. / Yehuda, Rachel; Golier, Julia A.; Tischler, Lisa; Stavitsky, Karina; Harvey, Philip D.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.05.2005, p. 504-515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yehuda, Rachel ; Golier, Julia A. ; Tischler, Lisa ; Stavitsky, Karina ; Harvey, Philip D. / Learning and memory in aging combat veterans with PTSD. In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 2005 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 504-515.
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