Learning and memory in adolescent psychiatric inpatients with major depression: A normative study of the california verbal learning test

William P. Horan, David L. Pogge, Susan R. Borgaro, John M. Stokes, Philip D Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Depressed adults have deficits in memory functions, especially on demanding tasks, but few studies of depressed adolescents have been published. In order to examine the extent of memory impairment and its diagnostic specificity, adolescent inpatients with DSM-III-R diagnoses of Major Depression (n = 56), Conduct Disorder (n = 42), or mixed Depression and Conduct Disorder (n = 22) were tested on the California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) and compared to each other, to CVLT norms, and to previously published CVLT norms for adults with Major Depression. Adolescents with Major Depression performed below normative standards on all aspects of the CVLT, but did not have a specific profile of memory impairments that was different from the two comparison samples. Relative to norms for adult patients with Major Depression, adolescent females under performed across all CVLT measures, but males did not differ from adults Depression in adolescence is not associated with specific memory impairments, but adolescent females with depression may have more severe deficits than depressed adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-584
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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